Internet of Things
Although IoT is a much-discussed topic today, it’s not a new concept. The phrase “Internet of Things” was coined by Kevin Ashton in 1999; the concept was relatively simple, but powerful.
If we had computers that knew everything there was to know about things — using data they gathered without any help from us — we would be able to track and count everything, and greatly reduce waste, loss and cost. We would know when things needed replacing, repairing or recalling, and whether they were fresh or past their best. The Internet of Things has the potential to change the world, just as the Internet did. Maybe even more so.
Kevin Ashton, “That ‘Internet of Things’ Thing,” RFID Journal, July 22, 1999
When connected cars, smart cities, smart health etc., embrace the internet by integrating with billions of sensors, and connectors, they are bound to throw trillions of vulnerabilities. Each solution employs not so popular sensors to form a critical smart application. One would agree with the advent of IoT, even human life in the case of smart health would be put to danger if any security breach that may occur. It is impossible to create a test bed to test every sensor, actuator that goes into an IoT solution as most of these components surface from unknown, untrusted small companies world over. Security and quality assurance checks are too far for such manufacturers and hence for IoT solution provider, it is critical that they check for vulnerabilities at the device level, interface levels and check for man-in-the-middle attacks vectors and ensure the solution is robust and free from attack vectors.
At Minusday Security Lab, we help create test bed for every IoT solution and test every component that forms an IoT solution and check for all the connected points and discover unknown and known vulnerabilities and help remediate even before the rollout of an IoT solution. We employ fuzzing and reverse engineering to discover vulnerabilities and help remediate them. One would agree post productization; it would be too expensive to fix any vulnerability.
IoT is already integrated across several areas where technology adoption is accelerating. The key areas of leading IoT integration are:
Real-time route management and solution provides flexibility and reliability. Some of the applications are:
- Autonomous driving and the connected car
- City mobility — smart traffic management with built in analytics
- Inter-city mobility — connecting across the transport networks
- Rate management and payment solutions
- Distribution and logistics management
- Fleet management
Smart city innovations improve the quality of life in cities, encompassing security issues and resource utilizations
- Smart management of city infrastructure — using Big Data analytics
- Collaboration across multiple and disparate agencies such as power, water etc.,— employing cloud technologies
- Real-time data collection, enabling quick response — using mobile and GIS/GPS technologies
- Enhanced security — improved public safety and law enforcement, and more efficient emergency response
- Better city planning — improved schematics, project management and delivery
- Networked utilities — smart electricity metering and grid management
- Building developments — more building automation, and better management and security
Smart life :
Innovative, state-of-the-art technology aims to make life simpler and safer for the consumer
- Health care — a new patient-centric solution that leverage tele medicine
- Consumer and retail businesses — the age of the empowered consumer
- Banking convergence — new models for banking and finance with digitization
- Insurance — moving from statistics to individual fact based policies
- Public services — Driving efficiency and convenience for governments and citizens
Smart manufacturing :
Factory and logistics solutions will be created for enhancing processes, controls and quality.
- Machine learning — intelligent, automated decision-making solutions
- Machine communications – more interaction and collaboration
- Networking — networked control and management of manufacturing equipment
- Optimized processes — rapid prototyping (quick release of alpha’s and beta’s) and fast manufacturing, efficient supply chain operations
- Proactive asset management — via preventive remote diagnostics and maintenance
- Better infrastructure integration — for Lean manufacturing